These super-sized cousins of the common carp can consume as much as 20% of their weight in plankton a day - food upon which virtually every other fish species in the lake directly or indirectly depends. They can grow to 100 pounds and carry up to 5 million eggs - 1,000 times more than the Great Lakes' iconic Chinook salmon. And the fast-growing carp have apparently yet to encounter a worthy predator in their adopted waters since they escaped their containment ponds and began gobbling their way up the Mississippi River and its tributaries more than two decades ago. i Great Lakes fisheries: It is a fight that could well change forever life in the Great Lakes region, home to more than 4 million recreational boats and a $4.5 billion annual commercial and recreational fishing industry. ii
    1. Recoverable grants. Recoverable grants allow foundations to recover principal and interest for grants made to grantees whose activities produce positive net cash flow. Examples are small business development loans, economic development activities, community credit unions, and other Program Related Investments (PRI).
    2. Geographical grants. Usually these grants are from foundations of large companies which make grants in areas where they have customers and employees. Grants to specific schools and scholarships to individuals from geographical areas are also common.
    3. PRI. Program Related Investments (PRI) are issue oriented, such as child care, adult day health care, space for non-profits, shelters and health centers.
    4. Large foundations. Large foundations often have broad geographical scope as well as wide PRI scope. Most self-define issues; if not, then the secret criteria and scope will generally mask a foundation which is making grants to insiders based on policies not published.
      1. National Rural Housing Coalition
      2. Partners for Rural America
      3. State Rural Development Councils
      4. Community Development Society
    5. Demonstration grants. These grants are limited purpose and limited time and are made to test innovative projects in order to obtain metrics as assess scalability. This approach fits the goal of “make a difference”.
    6. Grant search. Databases which describe foundations include:
      1. Foundation Center
      2. Guidestar
      3. Chronicle of Philanthropy
      4. Rural Community Assistance Corporation (RCAC);
      5. Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP);
How to build relationships:
    1. Program officer. Learn about your program officer and have the PO learn about the grantee's management and supporters.
    2. Frequent reports
    3. No surprises – bad news with solutions.
    4. Newclippings and reviews
    5. Metrics
    6. Testimonials
    7. Visits to site
    8. References; positive referenced by third parties of equal stature to the grantor.
    9. Collaboration with sister grantees.
    10. Grass roots support.
    11. Similar case studies with outcomes and metrics.
    1. Advocacy: Informing legislators and administrators of issues and solutions to objectives of grantee, including technical advice.
    2. Lobbying: See:
      1. Attempts to influence specific legislation
      2. Contacting legislators or their employees in an attempt to propose, support or oppose specific legislation.
      3. Supporting or opposing a candidate for public office.
    3. 1976 Law Governing Nonprofit Lobbying.
    4. IRS Code Sec. 4911
    5. RCAC's rural advocacy program: Chris Marko; 503-228-1780;
    6. Center for Lobbying in the Public Interest; technical expertise:
    7. Reporting to IRS: Sec. 501(h). Form 5768.
    1. Does grantor accept unsolicited letters of inquiry or grant applications?
    2. What issues and geographical constraints does the grantor have for its grants?
    3. Use forms provided by grantor, if any.
    4. Follow up with phone, emails, meetings.
    5. Resolution of grantee's governing board.
    6. IRS 501.c.3 letter.
    7. Pick grantors which have large enough staffs to give the grant applications a fair and full review.
    8. Production of a video presentation of the Asian Carp invasion and the solutions offered by Carp Catcher Cooperative Corporation.
International Joint Commission Contact: Frank Bevacqua; 202-736-9024
"It's difficult to underestimate the potential impact of these critters in the Great Lakes, once you see what's happened to the rivers," said John Dettmers, a biologist with the Great Lakes Fishery Commission. Great Lakes Fishery Commission; Contact: Marc Gaden; 734-662-3209, x. 14
      1. What worries U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist Mike Hoff is that the Great Lakes are being compared to other lakes and reservoirs, and they shouldn't be. "The Great Lakes are, in some places, much like rivers. There are big, strong currents," he said.
      2. Asian carp are a significant threat to the Great Lakes because of their size, fecundity, and ability to consume large amounts of food. Asian carp can grow to 100 pounds and up to four feet long. They are well suited to the climate of the Great Lakes region, which is similar to their native Eastern Hemisphere habitats. It is expected they would compete for food with the valuable sport and commercial fish. If they entered the system, they could become a dominant species in the Great Lakes. Troubled Waters - The Asian Carp Invasion;
      3. Pam Thiel of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has referred to it (U.S.C.A.E. DC power cable in the Sanitary and Ship Canal) as a necessary first step, but "Swiss cheese" nevertheless.

      1. Management and Control Plan for Bighead, Black, Grass, and Silver Carps in the United States
Submitted to the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Prepared by the Asian Carp Working Group November 2007 © For questions, comments, and concerns, please email David Britton at
        1. Federal and state agencies should promote commercial harvest of Asian carps. This requires development of markets for the harvested fish and, in the short or medium term, may require incentives for harvesters (Appendix 6.10). Harvest enhancement should be focused on bighead and silver carps because they are the most abundant of the Asian carps in the system (Barko et al. 2005), and because the less abundant grass carp already fetches a reasonably high price (Maher 2002, 2005).”
        2. Recommendation Increase the number of commercial fishers.
Commercial fishing in the Mississippi River Basin is a very small industry with few and a decreasing number of full-time experienced fishers (unpublished data, Rob Maher, Illinois Department of Natural Resources). Economic returns are low and fishing is a secondary source of income to most commercial fishers. If the value of landed Asian carps were to increase substantially, the number of fishers would be expected to increase and fishers could be expected to fish more. Nevertheless, there may be some lag time between the generation of a market and an increase in the number of experienced fishers.”

        1. .
G. Tracy Mehan, III, Assistant Administrator for Water at the Environmental Protection Agency, stated, “The specter of large, prolific Asian carp in the Great Lakes has motivated our coalition of government agencies to act swiftly. We have learned from hard experience the environmental and economic havoc caused in the Great Lakes by aquatic invasive species such as zebra mussels, sea lamprey, and round gobies. The latest threat from Asian carp underscores the serious problems posed by invasive species and the urgent need to prevent further introductions. The Great Lakes simply cannot afford another aquatic invasion.”
Agencies Take Emergency Action To Defend Against Asian Carp Invasion - Emergency Funds Made Available to Protect the Great Lakes From Large, Invasive Fish
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Contact: Phillippa Cannon; 312-353-6218
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Contact: Lynne Whelan; 312-353-6400 x1300
      1. United States Geological Survey biologist and Asian carp expert Duane Chapman. iii
      2. USGS' Cindy Kolar
    3. FEMA. Federal Emergency Management Agency floodplain management specialist David Schein
Ambassador Mary Beth West, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State: . “If Asian carp migrate into the Great Lakes, they could significantly threaten this shared natural resource.” iv U.S. Department of State Contact: Karla Heidelberg; 202-647-0241

The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal connects the Mississippi River to the Great Lakes. The canal feeds into the Des Plaines River; currently, the carp are in the Des Plaines River, approximately 50 miles from Lake Michigan. Partners in this effort include: Chicago Mayor Richard Daley, Commonwealth Edison, the Council of Great Lakes Governors, the Dispersal Barrier Advisory Panel , the Great Lakes Fishery Commission, the Great Lakes Sportfishing Council, the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, the International Joint Commission, the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, Midwest Generation, the Mississippi Interstate Cooperative Resource Association, the New York Department of Environmental Conservation, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wisconsin Sea Grant, and other state, non-governmental, and academic partners. Joel Brammeier, of the conservation group Alliance for the Great Lakes. "Everybody understands we've got to do something beyond the barriers," said Brammeier, who is studying the idea of a permanent biological separation of the Mississippi and Great Lakes with a $125,000 grant from the Great Lakes Fishery Commission and Great Lakes Fishery Trust.
State agencies should examine commercial fishing regulations and consider changes to increase harvest of Asian carps, such as listing them as acceptable commercial species. The cost of licenses and other fees paid by commercial fishers should be examined to determine if modifications might encourage the harvest of Asian carps. One possibility might be to allow commercial harvest in areas that are currently off-limits to commercial fishing.” v
    1. Arkansas.
      1. Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center. Andrew Mitchell, a researcher at Arkansas' Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center who earlier this year co-authored a paper detailing the grass carp's history in the U.S. that appeared in the journal Fisheries. Stuttgart research center, which is now operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
      2. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission; Arkansas Game and Fish Director Scott Henderson.
      3. University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. Carole Engle, director of the aquaculture center at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff,
    2. Illinois.
      1. Southern Illinois University. Anita Kelly, an assistant professor of fisheries at Southern Illinois University, who co-authored the Fisheries grass carp article with Mitchell. "These things were getting out before they even actually got into fish farmers' hands."
      2. Department of Natural Resources. Illinois Department of Natural Resources fisheries chief Mike Conlin.
      3. Illinois Natural History Survey. Kevin Irons, a biologist with the Illinois Natural History Survey in the Illinois River town of Havana, has watched that strategy succeed. vi
"Six years ago, the Asian carp was nothing," Irons said. "Now most of the biomass out there is bighead and silver carp, so there certainly are implications." vii
      1. Rob Maher, commercial fishing program manager for the State of Illinois.
      2. "At some points, if there is high flooding on the Des Plaines, there is the potential for some of that water to flow overland and run into the canal system," acknowledged Dan Injerd of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Injerd has personally seen these waterways merge twice in the last 30 years, though he said it appeared to be less than a foot deep each time.
    1. Louisiana. Large biomasses of Asian carps are available and are harvested commercially in portions of the Mississippi River Basin (Maher 2002, 2005; FishPro 2004; personal communication, Jody
    2. David, Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries; personal communication
    3. Minnesota.

According to World Health organization 30 - 45 million people in Africa depend on fish for their livelihood. Fish is an indispensable source of micro nutrients such as Iron, Iodine, calcium, Zinc, Vitamin A and Vitamin B African countries need. Asian carp may be the solution. Asian carp may be a blessing to 3rd world countries. Asian Carp Fish, Inc a Minnesota based company can help with the control of Asian Carp. The state provides the funds to commercially harvest and process the fish. We provide storage and transportation to Africa and 3rd world countries. Lots of starving people in Africa and 3rd world countries will be too happy to eat the fish. Create employment and economic growth. Our contact information 763-843-5550.
Tony Nagberi- Minnesota”

    1. Missouri.
      1. Carp fishing. Brian Canaday, Missouri Department of Conservation).
Commercial fishers report high catch rates of bighead and silver carps in some locations of the Mississippi River Basin, suggesting that harvest to regulate the abundance of these fishes in the United States may be a practical alternative. JEM: Most likely they are caught by net. In their native China, wild populations of Asian carps are often considered overharvested (Yi et al. 1988). Preliminary modeling of the bighead carp population in portions of the Illinois (LaGrange Pool) and Mississippi (Pool 26) rivers indicates that controlling adult stock size (not to exceed 0.05 adults/unit of fishing effort) will reduce recruitment and adult abundance over the long term (Hoff et al. In press). More research in this vein is needed. viii
      1. Missouri funding. The funding of the shipyard at Caruthersvile, MO (or elsewhere in Missouri) [] would be as follows:
        1. Action fund, Dept. Econ. Dev. $750,000 loan, Fixed Assets, $25,000 per job limit.
        2. SBA, $35,000 per job x 50 jobs = 37 jobs = $1,295,000 (limit 1.3 mil) loan, Fixed Assets.
        3. MoFirst, $25,000 per job x 75 = $1,875,000 (Max 5 mil) Fixed Assets and Working Capital.
        4. MoFirst, $100,000 working capital, small business,
        5. SBA 7(a) loan guarantee, 85% (2.5 mil max) ratio L/V 60 to 90%, Fixed assets, working capital.
        6. Dept. Econ. Dev. $400,000 loan guarantee, L/V 60-90%,
        7. FmHA, loan guarantee, $30,000 per job x 66 = $1,980,000 (2 mil max.), Fixed Assets, working capital.
        8. IDA, tax exempt bonds, $10 mil max, Fixed assets, working capital.
        9. U.S. Dept. Transportation, Maritime Administration (MARAD), American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), Maritime Administration’s Assistance to Small Shipyards, funds [ ] grant, $2,500,000 [Washburn & Doughty Associates, Inc., East Boothbay, ME: $2,659,500 for a new drydock; Pacific Shipyards International, LLC Honolulu, HI: $3,964,362 for waterjet cutting system; plate and angle rollers; press brake; shear. ]
        10. Funds available for Fixed Assets: 18,545,500
        11. Funds funds available for working capital: 16,855,000 (overlaps some of the funds for Fixed Assets).
        12. Funds needed for shipyard: 15,000,000
        13. Funds needed for construction of three ships: 12,000,000
        14. Funds needed for first year of operation: 5,000,000.
        15. Total: 32,000,000
        16. Bounty for Asian carp removed from rivers, first year: $25.00 per hundredweight: 1000 lbs/hr x 8 = 8000 @ 75% = 6000 lbs/day of carp x 5 days = 30,000 lbs/week x 50 = 1,500,000 lbs / 100 = 15,000 hundredweights x $25.00 = $375,000/yr.
        17. Profits before taxes and debt service: 1,500,000 x $1.00 = $1,500,000. Debt service from gross profits: $1,000,000/yr. Total annual debt service: $1,375,000. Loan P & I payback: 32,000,000 / 1,375,000 = 23 years w/o interest or about 30 years with interest.

    1. Wisconsin
      1. Department of Natural Resources. Ron Benjamin, Mississippi River fisheries supervisor for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
      2. Michael Staggs, director of the Department of Natural Resources’ Bureau of Fisheries Management,
      3. University of Wisconsin. Phil Moy, an invasive-species expert with University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute
  1. . CANADA
    1. Canadian biologist Henry Regier.
  2. .

Chaos uncorked, Part I, By Dan Egan of the Journal Sentinel. Posted: Oct. 15, 2006,
Troubled Waters - The Asian Carp Invasion;

United States Geological Survey biologist and Asian carp expert Duane Chapman can't fathom why people would actually court collisions with the fish. He was on the Missouri River earlier this summer with a group of Boy Scouts when the adult pilot in the back of a three-boat convoy was smacked in the face and flipped backward off his seat. The boat full of kids was cruising at about 20 mph.
"He was stunned, but he had enough sense to get up, and he was able to turn off the (ignition) switch," Chapman said. "Scary." Troubled Waters - The Asian Carp Invasion;
Troubled Waters - The Asian Carp Invasion;
Management and Control Plan for Bighead, Black, Grass, and Silver Carps in the United States Submitted to the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Prepared by the Asian Carp Working Group November 2007 ©

"At some points, if there is high flooding on the Des Plaines, there is the potential for some of that water to flow overland and run into the canal system," acknowledged Dan Injerd of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Injerd has personally seen these waterways merge twice in the last 30 years, though he said it appeared to be less than a foot deep each time. Troubled Waters - The Asian Carp Invasion;

"In invasion biology, proximity to the source is probably the single most important predictor," said Gregg Sass, director of the Illinois Natural History Survey research center in Havana, Ill. Troubled Waters - The Asian Carp Invasion;
“However, harvest enhancement is the only method likely to result in substantial lowering of Asian carp populations over the near term. Likewise, over the long term enhanced harvest is likely to be an important component of an integrated management approach to extirpate or reduce and maintain populations of Asian carps at levels of insignificant effect. It is the opinion of this Working Group that harvest enhancement should be a primary tool in the control of Asian carps.” Management and Control Plan for Bighead, Black, Grass, and Silver Carps in the United States Submitted to the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Prepared by the Asian Carp Working Group November 2007 ©

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